EFSA scientific report about pesticides in 2018 has been issued on 24 February, 2020 https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6057 with information of the organic sector sampling and main substances detected with comments about possible origins not related with non authorized use. These are some of the comments or highlights from the text:
– “According to Annex II of the EUCP Regulation, one sample from organic production for each of the 12 food products mentioned in Annex I, providing that such samples were available, should be sampled: in total 781 organic samples”.
– “The number of organic food samples reported in 2018 (5,735) was slightly lower than in 2017 (5,806). The rate of MRL exceedance fell marginally to 1.4% from 1.5% in comparison to the previous year. 0.5% of the samples analysed were non-compliant compared to 0.7% in 2017.”
– Chapter 4.2.7 “Results on organic food” (page 28):
o Overall, 4,863 samples did not contain quantifiable residues (84.8% of the analysed samples vs. 86.3% in 2017); 794 samples contained quantified residues below or at the MRL level (13.8% vs. 12.2% in 2017) and 78 samples were reported with residue levels above their corresponding MRLs (1.4% vs. 1.5% in 2017), of which 0.5% (29 samples) were non-compliant in 2018.
o MRL exceedance rate was 1.4% in organic food, while 4.8% for conventional food
o Quantification rates below MRL (samples with detected residues): 13.8% in organic food and 46% in conventional food
o Difference of quantified residues in Fruits with 12,1% in organic vs 66,5% in conventional food.